Module 1: Two Primary Varieties of CVs and Why You Want One

A CV doesn’t get you a job. That’s not why individuals write CVs. As a substitute, it will get you an interview. The aim of the CV is to make your employer excited by you sufficient for them to need to meet you in individual. 

Due to this fact, a CV is all about presenting your self. The principle activity, when writing a CV, is to make each single small achievement of yours appear like an enormous factor. I’ll come again to this later in this module and on this information.

There are two principal kinds of CVs – these based mostly on expertise and people based mostly on expertise. Naturally, the primary sort is extra widespread. It’s the traditional sort of CV that provides plenty of area to explain work expertise. 

So how do you compete within the job market when you have little or no ‘critical’ work expertise?

Properly, the reply is straightforward: you focus your CV in your expertise and achievements. You focus not on what your duties and tasks have been however what you learnt throughout the restricted expertise that you’ve got.

I’m completely sure that, even when your work expertise as a pupil hardly extends past the normal vary of jobs (cashier, bartender, waiter/waitress, salesperson, and so forth.), you possibly can nonetheless current your self as a well-rounded particular person with a set of expertise that can make you as aggressive as a working skilled. 

Let me inform you one factor from the beginning: even in a job that’s ‘uncool’ or unpaid, or each, a very powerful factor isn’t what you probably did, however how you probably did it. What did you obtain? What expertise did you develop? How are you going to apply these expertise on the new office? That is what you must take into consideration. This information gives you with examples of these expertise and teaches you the best way to current them.

Keep in mind this:

Many individuals know the best way to cook dinner however solely nice cooks additionally know the best way to serve the meals!

A CV is all about self-presentation. It needs to be clear, concise and stuffed with highly effective phrases. It’s all about presenting your each little achievement as if it have been the largest factor on this planet! And you aren’t mendacity or exaggerating right here – it’s the greatest factor. For you. In your life.

So let’s see the best way to do it!

Any Writing Is a Craft: And It Can Be Learnt!

Writing is tough work – simply ask any author about that and they’ll affirm it. Writing a CV can also be exhausting work. That’s the reason I wrote this guide: to make your job simpler. As a result of CV writing (or, in reality, any writing) doesn’t merely come from inspiration. 

No guide, no article, no two-page doc was ever written simply because nice concepts beamed from the sky into the author’s head. It’s a craft and it may be learnt if you understand the methods.

Within the following sections, I’ll present two made-up examples of CVs. One is experience-based and the opposite one is skills-based. I’ll analyse each of them, and make a listing of parts of which a CV is made. 

Later on this information, I’ll write extra about every of those parts, particularly focussing on the best way to current your work expertise and expertise. The vast majority of the main target of this guide shall be on skills-based CVs, however the recommendation I give additionally applies to experience-based CVs and you should utilize it later throughout your profession.

Ms Jane Smith

Flat 1, 16 Wherever Street, Anytown, AN1 5AB

E-mail Jane.Danielle.Smith@gmail.com3 Tel. 07123 456 789


Anycity College                             2010 – 2014

BSc Advertising and marketing and Administration, 2:1

Anytown Sixth Kind Faculty                2008 – 2010

A-levels: Arithmetic (B); Enterprise Research (A); Spanish (B); Media Research(A)

Work Expertise

Occasions and Contracts Supervisor        Feb 2016 – Current

Dandelion Lodge, Anytown

  • Answerable for organising over 70 occasions yearly, main a crew of 8 employees members;
  • Answerable for advertising and marketing actions and displays throughout occasions;
  • elevated the client base by 15% because the begin of 2017;
  • Amplified my management, teamwork, planning and organisational expertise.

Advertising and marketing Govt                          Aug 2014 – Jan 2016

ABC Media, Anycity

  • Organised and delivered advertising and marketing displays at over 120 occasions
  • throughout town; attracted eight high-profile purchasers (multinationals and authorities our bodies) and over 90 purchasers in complete;
  • Actively liaise with stakeholders and potential purchasers; enhanced my communication, negotiation and public talking expertise;
  • Actively learnt on the job; gained useful data concerning the market facet of media companies;

Advertising and marketing and Occasions Assistant              Jul 2012 – Aug 2013

Anycity College (work placement)

  • Took an lively function within the organisation of occasions across the educational yr, particularly the commencement and the Welcome Fortnight for brand new college students;
  • Managed the Brisker Buddy scheme (second-year college students mentoring first years), involving 30 volunteer mentors;
  • Obtained optimistic suggestions from my supervisor on my proactive strategy and wonderful organisational expertise.

IT Expertise

  • Proficient person of MS Workplace Functions (Superior Consumer certificates for PowerPoint and Excel);
  • Expertise in running a blog and web publishing; accustomed to most main running a blog platforms;

Expertise-based CV

The instance CV of this information is experience-based. As you possibly can see, such a CV is just one web page lengthy (skills-based CVs might be two pages lengthy) and the primary focus is that this individual’s work expertise. 

I need to say, nonetheless, that when you have extra expertise, it’s completely positive to write down an experience-based CV that’s two pages lengthy.

The experience-based CV is normally written by individuals with a big quantity of labor expertise in a single subject (on this case it’s advertising and marketing). Jane Smith might be searching for a brand new job within the subject of selling, given her expertise.

Then again, skills-based CVs are written by individuals who both (a) don’t have plenty of expertise in any respect; (b) have had quite a lot of totally different jobs in a spread of fields or (c) merely need a profession change after working in a sure subject for a while.

Allow us to analyse Jane’s CV intimately. As I discussed earlier than, plenty of what I say about experience-based CVs applies to skills-based ones as properly. I’ll undergo the weather of Jane’s CV one after the other, commenting on them.

1. Title

The one factor that ought to seem within the first line of your CV is your identify. Don’t write the phrases Curriculum Vitae, CV or Résumé on the prime of the doc. Your employer is aware of that they’re studying a CV and never a criminal offense novel. Your identify appears a lot better and extra skilled.

2. Tackle

That is quite simple: your contact particulars must be proper on the prime. Moreover your handle, you also needs to embrace your electronic mail handle (3) and telephone quantity (4). In case you are writing a two-page CV, then sort your identify and telephone quantity into the footer. This fashion, the employer will be capable of contact you even when the primary web page is misplaced.

Your electronic mail handle ought to look skilled. The best choice is the next format: identify.surname@web or name_surname@web Don’t put ‘humorous’ electronic mail addresses like or These look very unprofessional.

3. Cellphone quantity

Be sure that your telephone quantity is present and in case you occur to lose the quantity, replace your CV instantly: write the brand new quantity and print a number of copies.

4. Training 

You will need to checklist your training in reverse chronological order – that’s, the newest training must be talked about first.

You do not want to say the month once you began or completed school or college. Everybody is aware of that the educational yr begins in September/October and ends in June/July, so simply write the years.

5. Work expertise

Identical to within the training part, the newest job must be listed first. When writing about your work expertise, it is very important emphasise your achievements. It is usually essential that these achievements are measurable: ideally, they need to embrace some numbers, however there are numerous methods achievements might be measured. I’ll discuss this later on this guide as properly.

One other factor you possibly can point out when describing your work expertise is which expertise you developed in that job.

6. Expertise

It’s a good suggestion so as to add a Expertise part to your experience-based CV. Nevertheless, that part shouldn’t include details about your “mushy expertise” like communication, teamwork or time administration. Somewhat, it is best to embrace “exhausting expertise”, resembling languages, in case you converse any, and IT and computing expertise. 

There are additionally quite a lot of issues you shouldn’t embrace in your CV – they’re pointless and it’s even unacceptable for employers to ask for a few of this info. These are:

(a) Your nationality. This info is generally irrelevant. Firms have totally different insurance policies relating to recruitment (for instance, as a way to get a job within the subject of nationwide safety you need to be a nationwide of the nation). Nevertheless, many multinational firms rent individuals from all around the world and the one factor that issues are their expertise. Underneath the present European regulation, British firms can select to rent an individual from any nation that may be a member of the European Financial Space and they need to not discriminate based mostly on nationality.

(b) Your marital standing. It’s no one’s enterprise in case you are married, are about to get married, are pregnant, are planning to have youngsters or have already got them. Your employer shouldn’t discriminate in opposition to you based mostly on any of those.

(c) Your date of beginning. It’s unlawful for an organization to not make use of someone as a result of they’re ‘too younger’ or ‘too previous’ – that is age discrimination. The details about your date of beginning is irrelevant.

(d) Your gender. It doesn’t matter what your gender is. Your employer isn’t allowed to present a job to a person simply because they assume that males are higher than girls at doing a specific job. That is additionally a type of discrimination.

(e) Your image. Except you might be making use of for a job as a mannequin or TV presenter and the employer requires candidates to submit pictures, footage will not be normally included in a CV.

The following part accommodates a made-up instance of a skills-based CV. The creator of this CV, John Smith, is a contemporary graduate who wish to apply for a job in advertising and marketing. Nevertheless, he doesn’t have any expertise in advertising and marketing. 

So, he has written a CV by which he emphasises his expertise. Communication, teamwork and organisational expertise are all important for working in advertising and marketing.

Due to this fact, John has checked out his work expertise and located examples of efficient communication, profitable teamwork and good organisation. Let’s take a look at the CV.

Mr John Smith

Flat 2, 8 Wherever Street, Anytown, AN1 5AB

E-mail John.Daniel.Smith@gmail.com3 Tel. 07987 654 321


Anycity College                                 2013 – 2017

BA English and Spanish, First Class Honours

A four-year course with an built-in examine placement on the College of

Malaga, Spain

Anytown Sixth Kind Faculty                2011 – 2013

A-levels: English (A); Historical past (B); Spanish (A); Media Research (A)


Communication and Advertising and marketing Expertise

  • Deliberate and organised three profitable charity bake gross sales with the Amnesty Worldwide Pupil Society; raised over £240 for the native Ladies’s Disaster Centre;
  • Created a presentation about Pupil Studying Mentor companies on the Anycity College Library; delivered the presentation to over 800 college students and elevated attendance on the mentoring service;
  • Wrote over 30 10 articles for Anycity College’s Pupil Weblog;

Teamwork and Organisational Expertise

  • Was appointed crew chief for 2 group assignments (essay and presentation); efficiently managed the workflow of the crew, delivering wonderful outcomes – the mark for the whole crew was over 70% for each assignments;
  • Used to working each in a crew and independently; amplified my expertise of working independently and managing my time whereas working as a researcher on the English division of the College of Malaga;
  • Glorious time administration expertise: efficiently managed my research whereas working part-time.

IT Expertise

  • MS Phrase – superior; MS Excel – Intermediate; MS PowerPoint –Superior;
  • Excellent web analysis expertise developed whereas working for the English division on the College of Malaga;
  • Expertise in running a blog and web publishing; accustomed to most main running a blog platforms;

Work Expertise

Researcher                                 2015 – 2016

The College of Malaga, English Division

Journalist                      Aug 2014 – Jan 2016

Anycity College Pupil Weblog (voluntary)

Pupil Studying Mentor        2014 – 2017

Anycity College

Waiter and Cashier                 2013 – 2015

Café Amelia, Anycity

Expertise-based CV

Identical to with Jane Smith’s experience-based CV above, I’ll now present an evaluation of John Smith’s skills-based CV.

Identical to Jane Smith, John can also be making use of for a job in advertising and marketing. Nevertheless, in contrast to Jane, he doesn’t have any direct expertise in advertising and marketing. Even his diploma isn’t related to the job: Jane has a level in Advertising and marketing and Administration and John studied English and Spanish. 

Nevertheless, he tried to extract as a lot as doable from his work expertise and make his CV related to the advertising and marketing place that he’s making use of for. Let’s take a look at his CV intimately.

John’s CV is one web page lengthy on this guide as a result of that is simply an instance. An actual skills-based CV shall be longer, extra detailed, and include extra expertise.

Expertise-based CVs are normally two pages lengthy as a result of CVs are written in response to job descriptions and these job descriptions normally include a protracted checklist of expertise that the candidate ought to have. It takes two pages to checklist examples and proof of all the abilities required from the candidate.

1. Training 

The aim of a skills-based CV is to indicate how the applicant has acquired and developed all these expertise over the course of his/her skilled expertise. The primary 4 parts of his CV are the identical as Jane Smith’s. Nevertheless, Training is a bit totally different.

As you possibly can see, John has added a bit extra details about his training: he talked about the truth that he did a four-year course with an built-in examine placement overseas. Why did he point out it? Why is it related? 

Properly, within the trendy world it is very important have a worldwide mindset and having worldwide expertise, figuring out an extra language and dealing in multinational groups is all the time a bonus. When you have studied or labored overseas, it’s undoubtedly price mentioning it in your CV.

2. Expertise

The Expertise part is a very powerful one in a CV. Even when you find yourself writing an experience-based CV, it is best to spotlight your expertise: what expertise you’ve gotten developed whereas working in a specific place, what present expertise you’ve gotten efficiently utilized in that job, and so forth. 

In a skills-based CV, the abilities are grouped into classes: John Smith tells the potential employer what expertise he has after which offers examples and proof of these expertise.

Identical to Jane Smith, John gives figures to make his proof extra particular and measurable. I’d additionally like to attract your consideration to the truth that sentences in each CVs introduced above are incomplete: the topic is lacking. When describing their work expertise and expertise, each John and Jane start their sentences with verbs and never with the pronoun I. 

Since not one of the jobs John has held is related to the advertising and marketing place he’s making use of for, the work expertise part of his skills-based CV goes to the top. In a two-page CV, it might go on the second web page. Crucial a part of the CV is the Expertise part.

3. Work Expertise

Please observe that, in contrast to in Jane Smith’s experience-based CV, the Work Expertise part in John’s skills-based CV solely accommodates the years when he labored in these positions and never months. It is a little trick to make the work expertise appear extra spectacular. For instance, John most likely labored as a researcher on the College of Malaga from October 2015 to June 2016.

Nevertheless, when he solely mentions the years and never the months, it seems that he stayed on this place for over a yr or perhaps virtually two years.

I’d additionally like to notice that in experience-based CVs virtually all the roles are normally roughly in the identical subject. For instance, in case you take a look at the CV of Jane Smith, it turns into clear that she has labored largely within the fields of selling, promotions and occasions.

Nevertheless, it might additionally occur that the roles you’ve gotten completed over the course of your skilled expertise will not be all in the identical subject. On this scenario, these a number of strains that describe work tasks and achievements ought to make it related to the job you might be making use of for. 

For instance, in case you are making use of for a job that requires good presentation expertise and also you need to checklist your job as a salesman, you possibly can emphasise customer support, interpersonal and spoken communication expertise, that are all associated to giving displays as a result of a presenter should be pleasant, optimistic and eloquent.