Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin is suing NASA over its awarding the Artemis lunar lander contract to Elon Musk’s SpaceX earlier this 12 months, a significant escalation within the battle over the privilege of returning humanity to the Moon for the primary time since 1972.
The brand new lawsuit might put a maintain on additional funds going to SpaceX for the event of its Starship lunar lander challenge, doubtlessly placing the anticipated mission date past the 2024 goal set by NASA for the Artemis Moon mission.
The precise nature of Blue Origin’s criticism is not identified, for the reason that lawsuit was filed below a protecting order, however seems to protest “NASA’s illegal and improper analysis of [Artemis lunar lander] proposals submitted” for consideration.
Three corporations bid for the lunar lander contract: Blue Origin, SpaceX, and Dynetics, a protection contractor. Blue Origin’s bid of $5.9 billion misplaced out to the $2.9 billion bid from SpaceX, which led Blue Origin to supply to cowl as much as $2 billion in prices, successfully decreasing its bid to $3.9 billion.
This nonetheless wasn’t sufficient to maneuver NASA to rethink.
Blue Origin’s criticism appears to give attention to NASA’s unique intention to have two totally different corporations develop lunar landers, presumably choosing essentially the most profitable of the 2 for the precise Artemis missions that first land an uncrewed ship on the Moon earlier than trying a crewed mission if the primary is profitable.
NASA, in awarding the contract to SpaceX, indicated that Congress hasn’t allotted sufficient funding for a further lander, so it may solely choose one ultimately. Blue Origin has since argued that after this grew to become identified to NASA, it ought to have canceled the contract bidding course of and began over with the brand new phrases.
“NASA veered from its unique dual-source acquisition technique resulting from perceived near-term budgetary points,” Bezos stated after Blue Origin provided to cowl a further $2 billion in prices, “and this supply removes that impediment.”
Whether or not Blue Origin makes this case in a federal courtroom stays to be seen, however the lawsuit positively escalates the battle between SpaceX and Blue Origin over the celebrated contract.
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Whereas it is tempting to put in writing all this off as a bunch of billionaires combating over bragging rights, it is far more difficult than that.
Blue Origin itself has solely simply introduced a human crew previous the Kármán line, the internationally acknowledged boundary of outer house, and even then its crew capsule was solely “in house” for a couple of minutes earlier than returning to Earth.
SpaceX, in the meantime, has efficiently launched dozens of reusable rockets into orbit and ferried astronauts to the Worldwide Area Station (ISS), so it will appear to be SpaceX could be a shoe-in for the lunar lander contract.
The distinction right here is that Blue Origin’s lunar lander proposal wasn’t strictly a Blue Origin challenge, because it was working with some aerospace business heavyweights like Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin to make up for its personal lack of awareness on this endeavor.
Way over anybody, it is Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin who stand to lose if SpaceX is awarded extra NASA contracts, simply as Boeing and United Launch Alliance, a three way partnership between Boeing and Lockheed Martin, are dropping floor to SpaceX with crewed flights to the ISS.
These aerospace contractors have had a reasonably tight relationship with NASA and the US Division of Protection for all the things from constructing rockets to launching satellites, and that largely unique relationship over the a long time has saved the aggressive bidding course of a lot much less aggressive than the identify implies.
That every one modified with SpaceX, which has been in a position to are available in and undercut these firm’s bids by a generally substantial margin, value these corporations some huge cash within the course of.
So whereas it is perhaps Blue Origin’s identify on the lawsuit, there are loads of older gamers within the business hoping that Blue Origin can take SpaceX down a peg.